Geologic history of MA
Geo time landmasses
Geologic clock


Cosmos calendar

Big Bang[edit]

Date
bya
Event
1 Jan
13.8
Big Bang, as seen through cosmic background radiation
15 Mar
11
Milky Way Galaxy formed
31 Aug
4.57
Sun formed (planets and Earth's moon soon thereafter)
16 Sep
4.0
Oldest rocks known on Earth

Evolution of life on Earth[edit]

Date
bya
Event
21 Sep
3.8
first life (prokaryotes)[4][5][6]
12 Oct
3
photosynthesis
29 Oct
2.4
Oxygenation of atmosphere
9 Nov
2
complex cells (eukaryotes)
5 Dec
1
first multicellular life
14 Dec
0.67
simple animals
14 Dec
0.55
arthropods (ancestors of insects, arachnids)
17 Dec
0.5
fish and proto-amphibians
20 Dec
0.45
land plants
21 Dec
0.4
insects and seeds
22 Dec
0.36
amphibians
23 Dec
0.3
reptiles
26 Dec
0.2
mammals
27 Dec
0.15
birds
28 Dec
0.13
flowers
30 Dec, 06:24
0.065
Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event, non-avian dinosaurs die out[7]

Human evolution[edit]

Date / time
mya
Event
30 Dec
65
Primates
31 Dec, 06:05
15
Apes
31 Dec, 14:24
12.3
hominids
31 Dec, 22:24
2.5
primitive humans and stone tools
31 Dec, 23:44
0.4
Domestication of fire
31 Dec, 23:52
0.2
Anatomically modern humans
31 Dec, 23:55
0.11
Beginning of most recent glacial period
31 Dec, 23:58
0.035
sculpture and painting
31 Dec, 23:59:32
0.012
Agriculture

History begins[edit]

Date / time
kya
Event
31 Dec, 23:59:47
5.5
First writing (marks end of prehistory and beginning of history), beginning of the Bronze Age
31 Dec, 23:59:48
5.0
First dynasty of Egypt, Early Dynastic period in Sumer, Astronomy
31 Dec, 23:59:49
4.5
Alphabet, Akkadian Empire, Wheel
31 Dec, 23:59:51
4.0
Code of Hammurabi, Middle Kingdom of Egypt
31 Dec, 23:59:52
3.5
Mycenaean Greece; Olmec civilization; Iron Age in Near East, India, and Europe; founding of Carthage
31 Dec, 23:59:53
3.0
Kingdom of Israel, ancient Olympic games
31 Dec, 23:59:54
2.5
Buddha, Confucius, Qin Dynasty, Classical Greece, Ashokan Empire, Vedas completed, Euclidean geometry, Archimedean physics, Roman Republic
31 Dec, 23:59:55
2.0
Ptolemaic astronomy, Roman Empire, Christ, invention of numeral 0
31 Dec, 23:59:56
1.5
Muhammad, Maya civilization, Song Dynasty, rise of Byzantine Empire
31 Dec, 23:59:58
1.0
Mongol Empire, Crusades, Christopher Columbus voyages to the Americas, Renaissance in Europe

The current second[edit]

Date / time
kya
Event
31 Dec, 23:59:59
0.5
modern science and technology, American Revolution, French revolution, World War I, World War II, Apollo Moon landing

timeline video in one year
geologic times

uc berkley time tours IMG_5450.JPG
time line
personal timeline
fossil facts for timeline


geologic time machine IMG_1735.JPG

interactive geologic times
Columbian-Mammoth.jpg
columbian mammoth



Layers of the Earth and Plate Tectonics





We have been studying seismic waves so that we can understand how scientists have discovered what makes up the inside of the earth. We are going to study the layers of the earth and how the continents and geologic land forms have developed over millions of years.


earthquakes and seismic waves


Journey to center of earth checklist

**good interactive review of inner earth

IMAG0323.jpg
Northern New Mexico
IMAG0331.jpg
Northern NM remnants of Volcanos

Rex--960749b-jpg_201701.jpg
Paria Canyon-Vermilion Cliffs Wilderness, the Wave is near the Arizona and Utah border on the slopes of the Coyote Buttes.

solar tornados
layers quiz

**Inside the earthplate tectonics (castle)

berkley animations

inside the earth
earth's magnetic field video

MIT layers video

**ap layers of the earth
inner earth facts
good written info inside the earth, tectonics, and volcanos

jeopardy
videos on each section

convection currents

eureka heat transfer eureka conduction erueka convection eureka radiation
eureka volume and density eureka bouyancy

Lava_Lamp_cartoon.jpg
**label the map

bill nye sea floor sreading and drift
bbc continental drift

fossil evidence
Alfred Wegners life in legos
wegners theory good review

wegener song
illustration of CA sea floor spread
bill nye sea floor spreading

sea floor spreading

brainpops
ocean floor
plate techtonics

island of Sursey and Iceland underwater mid atlantic ridge
woods Hole video mid ocean ridge
history channel trench

developing the theory and mapping
noaa sea mapping

highest and lowest points on earth chart
altitude and depth chart
new information about continental drift

good review of plate movements
**even better review pbs kid friend

what causes plate movement
easy descriptions of boundaries

short animation of boundaries
**review game get all the circles green!
Best review video 16 minutes
**review with jeopardy

more review games
**plate techtonics

**rags to riches game

**vocabulary hangman , search for topic

**vocabulary review games

Volcanoes

what makes volcanoes
discovery channel lots of segments about specific aspects of volcanos

written text about volcanoes

deadlist volcanoes pbs

video about islandic eruption in 2010 45 min.
chapter 0ne